Mechanics

Présentation
Learning outcome targets

Aeronautics, space, transport, energy, environment, bio-medical, etc. are all fields whose development is based on the advances made in research in mechanics and mechanical engineering.
Within this broad context, the Mechanics degree course at UPS is aimed at students who have a Bachelor's degree (obtained in Mechanics or an equivalent) and who have a particular interest in digital and experimental sciences, a curiosity and scientific rigour.
The aims of the course are:
• to provide a framework within the Université Paris-Saclay to coordinate Master's degree courses in the field of mechanics,
• to offer students courses associated with innovative fields of research,
• to offer students the possibility of an apprenticeship,
• to strengthen the international influence of a community brought together by the Université Paris-Saclay,
• to attract the best students from around the world.

The Mechanics course therefore aims to provide students with a solid training which is also accessible as an apprenticeship and is both theoretical and practical. In this way students can easily integrate into the world of work both in France (in large companies as well as in SMEs and SMIs in the Ile-de-France industrial area) and abroad.
The courses available make it possible to find either highly technical professional opportunities or jobs as engineers, senior managers or researchers in companies or in the laboratories of public institutions or universities. Through the support of laboratories in partner institutions, the course allows students to pursue a doctorate in the doctoral institution SMEMaG ‘Mechanical, energetic and material sciences and geosciences’, for example.
In order to achieve its objectives, the organisation is essentially structured around specialisations centred on disciplines (fluid mechanics, materials, structures, design and mechanical engineering, etc.) but also around more inter-disciplinary courses (higher education, mathematics and mechanics) and offers students the possibility to build courses aimed at either:
•areas of academic or industrial research,
•fields of applications such as: aeronautics, space, vehicles, energy, environment, bio-medical, instrumentation, scientific computing.

By the end of their Master's training, graduates are specialists whose disciplinary and cross-disciplinary skills can be applied in three essential areas:
•General scientific skills: modelling, analysing and solving problems requiring abstract skills, designing and implementing an experimental approach, using data acquisition, simulation and analysis software, conducting a critical analysis of results.
•Organisational skills: working independently, using information and communication technology, researching information, implementing a project and carrying out a study.
•Interpersonal skills: communicating, working in a team, taking on responsibilities in a professional environment.
As a result of the course, students will have acquired theoretical and experimental expertise in mechanics and its interfaces, the ability to work independently and a critical sense.

The Master’s in Mechanics fits naturally into the Plateau de Saclay. The many research laboratories at the Université Paris-Saclay are very strongly involved in training, through teacher-researchers or recognised specialist researchers in the field, but also through the work placements and projects they can offer. The presence of numerous organisations (CEA, ONERA...) and companies (Safran Tech, EDF, PSA, RENAULT, etc.) makes it possible to have a network of partnerships for work placements and apprenticeships, for example, but also for the participation of engineers and research engineers in the training program.
It is very well positioned in the Île-de-France region and at a local level. The course is firmly focused on engineering in a research context and is managed in close collaboration with universities and engineering schools. The links with industrial partners is reflected, on the one hand, in a significant proportion of work placements carried out in large industrial groups with significant research investment and, on the other, in partnerships carried out as part of apprenticeships.
Only 2 other courses in Mechanics exist outside of the Université Paris-Saclay. These are at the Université Paris Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEM) and l’Institut Polytechnique de Paris (IPP). There is also a Engineering Sciences course (SPI) at Sorbonne Université (formerly the Université Pierre et Marie Curie). However, a strong characteristic of the Mechanics course at the Université Paris-Saclay is its strong focus on ‘research’ as a result of the numerous academic laboratories, EPIC and research and development departments in large companies. In addition, the course can be taken entirely in English (for some courses) and is organically linked to several schools.

Its strength lies in how all these elements connect together. The course is highly structured and offers a balanced and complete set of varied teaching both in terms of substance and form (courses/tutorials/TP/projects/work placements).  The way lectures are applied is extremely varied (tutorials ‘on paper’, mini-projects, analysis of articles, digital tutorials, targeted experimental work, etc.). Students are closely supervised (academic supervisor, work placement supervisor, etc.), which makes it possible to support the success of the students (refresher course in mathematics, tutoring, etc.).
The joint management between several establishments allows for rich and constructive discussions to take place. Teaching on each course takes place on a limited number of sites and in small classes. This encourages collaborative and collective work, both from the point of view of the student cohort and the teaching team.

Post-graduate profile

La mention mécanique débouche sur un éventail d'activités et de services très large, où la compétitivité repose sur des développements technologiques permanents (utilisation des codes industriels pour l'optimisation des procédés industriels respectueux de l'environnement, conception de produits variés dans de nombreux secteurs basés fortement sur la mécanique). Elle concerne des industries telles que : l'industrie aéronautique, spatiale, automobile, transports, production et transformation de l'énergie, moteurs et propulsion, industries mécaniques,...

Plus précisément, la formation vise les métiers de la veille technologique et stratégique, de la R&D en environnement académique, dans un organisme de recherche, ou en milieu industriel. Le jeune diplômé pourra prétendre à un poste d'ingénieur chargé de production et de mise en oeuvre.

Ainsi les grands domaines concernés sont le secteur du transport (automobile, ferroviaire, nautique, naval, aéronautique, aérospatiale), le secteur de l'énergie (énergies Marines et Renouvelables (EMR), électricité, gaz, pétrole, nucléaire), mais aussi l'enseignement supérieur et la recherche académique.
Les métiers visés sont ceux d'ingénieur et cadre d’étude, de recherche et développement, de chef de projet et de chercheur ou enseignant-chercheur (après un Doctorat).

Transfer paths

Il y a des prolongements naturels entre le M1 et le M2 qui constituent les parcours types : par exemple M1 MFL, puis M2 DFE, ou M1 MMS puis M2 MAGIS ou (MS)2SC, ou encore M1 ISM puis M2 IC2M. Mais il a également était prévu des passerelles entres les parcours types : en effet l'organisation du M1 avec le tronc commun permet aux étudiants de faire d'autres choix : par exemple M1 MMS puis M2 DFE ou encore M1 MIP puis M2 MAGIS, voire même s'orienter vers d'autres mentions (par exemple vers les mentions Systèmes Complexes ou Energie).
Ainsi les passerelles aménagées le sont en fin d'année de M1.

Academic partnerships

Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Arts Appliqués et des Métiers d'Arts
Arts et Métiers (ENSAM)
Université PSL

Prerequisites

Mentions de licence conseillées :
Licence mécanique
Licence physique (à dominante mécanique) ou mathématiques
Licence sciences pour l'ingénieur

Ainsi parmi les prérequis, sont attendus des bases en mécanique générale, en mécanique des solides et mécanique des fluides, en dynamique des structures, en algèbre matricielle et calcul différentiel, et en méthodes numériques.

Pour les parcours en français, un niveau de français attesté au moins B2 avec une note de compréhension orale supérieure à 15/25 est demandé.

Compétences
Skills required within the Field of Study :
  • Independently formulate a mechanical problem to meet a given objective, from the modelling of the system of study to the modelling of stresses and boundary conditions by proposing an approach to an appropriate solution.

  • Use theoretical or practical concepts and knowledge to understand a problem and put it into an equation.

  • Apply analytical, numerical or experimental problem-solving tools at a level of proficiency: justified choice of existing tools or ad hoc production of specific tools and critical analysis of results.

  • Design and optimise an innovative scientific and/or technological solution from a development or research perspective (this may concern a product or an experimental protocol).

  • Communicate in written or oral form, in a clear, concise and educational manner, scientifically argued, interpreted and discussed ideas with a view to their development and use by the scientific community (professional or student).

  • Carry out an individual or team project in a corporate and inter-personal manner (coordination or management of actions, project management, feedback, teamwork, independence, responsibility, initiatives, etc.).