M2 Fundamental Microbiology

Apply for the degree
  • Places available
  • Language(s) of instruction

This curriculum is based on recent advances in genetics, genomics, cell biology and microbial physiology to provide multidisciplinary training for research and through research. It is possible to study by targeted, global and/or genetic engineering approaches on molecular, cellular or integrated analytical scales (microbial communities, host organisms). Fundamental Microbiology covers a wide range of topics in order to understand and control the immense variety of microbial processes.
Main job opportunities: Experimental research in the academic or private sector in a variety of laboratories (Paris-Saclay, Institut Pasteur, Institut Jacques Monod), in France or abroad.

Other job opportunities: Biotechnology research and development, teaching, scientific watch, scientific communication. Students can attend complementary programs (HEC or ESSEC, IT, corporate management, marketing)
The thesis continuation rate of M2 Microbiology graduate students is more than 70% (calculations based on 4 promotions / 2016-2019). About 10% of graduates enter the socio-economic world at Bac+5 (employment as study engineers or associate teachers or communication officers in a research institute) and about 20% pursue their studies, particularly in the medical field.

Course Prerequisites

This course is aimed at students who have acquired M1-level skills in genetics and molecular biology, and theoretical and/or experimental knowledge in the field of Microbiology. As an example, we advise M1 Biology-Health students to complement their core study path with the Genetics and Microbial Physiology module (which gives them accredited skills in the areas of genetics, genomics and cell biology, amongst others). Depending on the direction students wish to take in their M2 study path, it may be worth taking a module in Virology at M1 level.

  • Acquire a knowledge-base on the diversity of the microbial world and the genetics, genomics and biology of the microbial cell (from molecular interactions to cell interactions).

  • Develop experimental skills and learn specialised and general approaches in the field of Microbiology (for example designing experiments, cloning, microbial culture, extraction and quantitative analyses of nucleic acids or proteins, analysis and representation of data sets).

  • Develop basic data manipulation skills (level: introduction to R software).

  • Communicate in English in a scientific context (understand seminars, receive instructions, present experiment results, ask questions and answer questions in English).

  • Carry out a scientific project entirely independently and be able to communicate a critical analysis of the results, orally and in writing, while adhering to international standards in the field of Microbiology.

  • Develop the ability to work in a team in bibliographic projects and experiments related to Microbiology.

Post-graduate profile

The proportion of students who start a thesis after graduating from the Microbiology M2 is over 70 % (calculations based on 4 graduation years / 2016-2019). Around 10 % of graduates enter the socio-economic world at Master's (Bac+5) level (working as study engineers, associate teachers or communication managers in research institutes), while around 20 % pursue their studies, particularly in the medical field.

Career prospects

Main opening: Experimental research in the academic or private sector in numerous laboratories (Paris Saclay, Institut Pasteur, Institut Jacques Monod) in the region or abroad.
Other openings: R&D in the biotechnology sector, education, tracking scientific developments, Scientific communication.

Option of joining additional courses (HEC or ESSEC schools, IT, business management, marketing).


Institute for Integrative Biology of the Cell - DRF/JOLIOT
MICrobiologie de l'ALImentation au Service de la Santé Humaine
Laboratoire de biologie et pharmacologie appliquée.

IDEEV, Institut de Biologie de l'École Normale Supérieure (pour l'UE "Frontiers in Microbial Systems").


Deux groupes d'UE : 1 groupe d'UE obligatoires, 1 groupe d'UE optionnelles.

Matières ECTS Cours TD TP Cours-TD Cours-TP TD-TP A distance Projet Tutorat
Practical course of integrative microbiology 9 10 10 70
Molecular and cellular microbiology 3 25 5
Interactions microbiennes / Microbial Interactions 3 20
Initiation to data manipulation with R software 3 10 10
Functional Genomics 3 25
Cellular innovations and synthetic microbiology concepts 3 20
Matières ECTS Cours TD TP Cours-TD Cours-TP TD-TP A distance Projet Tutorat
Virologie moléculaire et cellulaire - UPSay 3 16 14
UE1 libre à 3 ECTS 3
Stability and Evolution of genomes 3 25
Projet de recherche / Scientific project 3 3
Microbial structures and signals 3 12 6 14
Microbial Ecology of Fermented Food Products 6 50
Medico-pharmaceutical applications of microbial biodiversity 6 42 8
Introduction à la statistique avec R (MOOC) 3 2
Frontiers in Microbial Systems 3 20 5
Environmental and Microbial Biotechnologies 6 42 3
ARN non-codants et épigénétique / ncRNA and Epigenetics 3 25

Stage en laboratoire.

Matières ECTS Cours TD TP Cours-TD Cours-TP TD-TP A distance Projet Tutorat
Stage en laboratoire / Lab training 30 10
Modalités de candidatures
Application period
From 25/01/2021 to 28/02/2021
From 15/04/2021 to 20/07/2021
Compulsory supporting documents
  • Motivation letter.

  • All transcripts of the years / semesters validated since the high school diploma at the date of application.

  • Curriculum Vitae.

Additional supporting documents
  • Curriculum EU (description of the units of education followed) of the last two years.

  • Choice sheet of M2 (obligatory for the candidates registered in M1 at the University Paris-Saclay) to download on https://www.universite-paris-saclay.fr/en/admission/apply-master-programmes.

  • VAP file (obligatory for all persons requesting a valuation of the assets to enter the diploma).

Course manager(s)