From prestellar cores to solar nebulae: The Formation and Evolution of Proto-planetary discs

This program was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The new dates of the program are from 03/05/2021 to 28/05/2021

SOC: Sébastien Charnoz (IPGP), Emmanuel Dartois (ISMO), Kees Dullemond (univ Heidelberg), Jean Duprat (CSNSM), Emilie Habart (IAS), Patrick Hennebelle (AIM), Anaëlle Maury (AIM), Eric Pantin (AIM), Leonardo Testi (ESO), Nathalie Ysard (IAS)

Paris-Saclay Institutes involved: ​​DAp/AIM, IAS, CSNSM, ISMO

Other institutes from Ile de France:​​Observatoire de Paris (Lerma, Lesia), Institut de physique du globe, Muséum d’histoire naturelle
 
Dates: 03/05/2021 to 28/05/2021

Rationale


Understanding the formation of stars and the formation of planets,are both cornerstone challenges in modern astronomy. These highly multi-physics and multi-scale problems are tightly linked through the formation and evolution of proto-planetary discs. As such, they should ideally be apprehended simultaneously. In practice however, due to the great variety of instruments and techniques that must be used as well as the profusion and complexity of physical processes, the field is traditionally subdivided in three communities addressing specific questions all relevant to reach a global understanding, including:  

-the formation, collapse and fragmentation of dense cores which also addresses the issue of centrifugally supported discs formation and early evolution around the youngest protostars (i.e. younger than typically 1 Myr)  

-the evolution of protoplanetary discs whose main objectives are the origin of the angular momentum transportation, the dynamics of gas and dust as well as the growth from grains to planetesimals  

-the study of solar nebulae constituents such as gas, grains and pebbles from a dynamical and chemical perspectives
 
Recent facilities such as the space observatory Herschel, and ground based observatories like ALMA and the VLT/VLTI have already started to revolutionise the field of star and planet formation. The forthcoming James WebbSpace Telescope (JWST), and potentially in the more distant future ELT, ARIEL and SPICA, are expected to provide the observational tools to bring our understanding of planetary origins and diversity to a new level. These new observational tools, as well as the development of comprehensive models, numerical simulations including more and more physical ingredients as well as laboratory measurements, finally open the door to meaningful combination of tools and results from the different communities. 
 
The opening of these new facilities, telescopes, super computers and laboratory experiments, as well as the significant progresses made on the theory side, make the organisation of collaborative workshop particularly timely. Not only to bring together the three communities but also the observers,the theorists and the instrumentalist who are solely altogether present.

The workshop will be organised around four topics, one per week. Each of them is of importance for the three phases, namely disk formation, disk evolution and solar nebulae.

Week 1: Grains composition and evolution of snow-lines.

Week 2: Grains size distributions, growth and planetesimal formation.

Week 3: Grains alignment processes and polarisation. Grain irradiation.

Week 4: Grains and pebbles migration and mixing.

More information about the program will follow.