Making it possible within the SPIRAL2 infrastructure of the GANIL laboratory to conduct low-energy experiments, allowing for the expansion of knowledge about the primary properties of the fundamental state of certain radioactive nuclei, such as the process of disintegration, half-life, mass, load, load radius and shape. This research will find applications in the field of medical imaging.
The installation of DESIR [disintegration, excitation and storage of radioactive ions] laser spectroscopy will allow the study of the static properties of exotic nuclei (obtained from the fission of 238U by fusion-evaporation reactions, and by the transfer of nucleons and other known techniques) in their fundamental state or in long-duration isomeric states, such as their magnetic and quadrupole momenta, from which the deformation, as well as the quantum properties, may be deduced.
The production of radioisotopes with longer lives will allow their transfer and use off-site, for example, for clinical human trials in a hospital environment. SPIRAL2 equipped with DESIR will in effect make a major contribution to clinical imaging. It will also accelerate preclinical research on Radio-immunotherapy (RIT) and Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy (PRRT).
The implementation of DESIR will make SPIRAL2 the most complete and innovative facility in the world for the study of nuclear structure. Compared to the existing facilities that produce radioactive ion beams by the on-line isotope separation method (ISOLDE at CERN, ISAC at TRIUMF in Canada, IGISOL at Jyväskylä, Finland, and CARIBU at Argonne in the United States), SPIRAL2, as a result of DESIR, will offer several ways of producing these exotic nuclei that can be made available to all users.
The industrial applications already represent a significant part of the GANIL activity, which will be reaffirmed within the context of implementing SPIRAL2 and the installation of DESIR. Currently, the transfer of technologies is done regularly in two major areas: testing and validation of components and systems for space applications; and the creation of exotic polymers based on the technology of ionic tracers. A third area experiencing a significant growth in connection with the production of radioactive beams is radiobiology and its medical applications.