A tool in the fight against climate change
France with the CEA, l’INRA, le CNRS (CETP, IPSL , LMD, LSCE) and ANDRA was behind the building of the ICOS infrastructure by 2008. The official launch of the Infrastructure European level (ERIC ICOS) with 8 signatory countries, including France and 9 countries pending integration partners in the device was held on September 18.France has a recognized level of scientific excellence in the fields of observation and modeling covered by ICOS. She coordinated the preparation and infrastructure construction. It houses the European center in Saclay atmosphere and part of Central European ecosystems in Bordeaux. Thanks to the Grand National Loan (Equipex Infrastructure and future), it has built the National Ecosystems stations network (18) and Atmospheric (8) the largest network of ICOS. She also wears extensions Overseas (French Guiana, Reunion Island and Amsterdam) and therefore a major contributor of ICOS.
The European ICOS network includes 95 monitoring stations in operation, including 32 on continental ecosystems, crops, grasslands, forests, wetlands. Automated measurements are transmitted, processed and controlled by three thematic centers in France, Italy and Norway and distributed freely available through a central portal data (www.icos-cp.eu).