The exceptional researcher Yves Meyer receives the Abel Prize for 2017 for his pivotal role in the development of the mathematical theory of wavelets.
Born in 1939, Yves Meyer is professor emeritus at the École normale supérieure Paris-Saclay, member of the French Academy of Science and an honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He receives the Abel Prize, an international award for outstanding scientific work in the field of mathematics, awarded each year by the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, and often considered as the Nobel Prize of mathematicians.
Yves Meyer contributed to the discovery of wavelets, mathematical tools providing a remarkably fruitful link between a problem set squarely in pure mathematics and a theory with wide applicability in the real world, such as for example the jpeg2000 standard for digital photography. Yves Meyer also received the Salem Prize in 1970 and the Gauss Prize in 2010, two major awards in mathematics attributed by the International Mathematical Union.
He joined the University of Strasbourg as a teaching assistant, and in 1966 he was awarded a PhD there. He became a professor of mathematics first at the Université Paris-Sud, then the École Polytechnique and the Université Paris-Dauphine. He moved to the ENS Paris-Saclay in 1995.