Intellectual Property Law / Information Technology Law
The aim of the Intellectual Property and Digital Law course is to train legal specialists by including an international dimension to their professional environment and ensuring that the teaching given is appropriate and suitable for the requirements of practice.
The course is designed to allow students to pre-specialise as early as the Master 1 year in order to give them the opportunity to choose the specialism in the next stage which best suits their interests from among a wide range of Master 2 courses.
A distinction therefore needs to be made between the objectives of Master 1 and the objectives of Master 2.
a) The Master 1 is organised around a three-fold focus:
First and foremost, the Master 1 offers a pre-specialisation which is unique in France in intellectual property law and digital law. In addition to the traditional introductory course on intellectual property law, there are two in-depth seminars of 30 hours each on literary and artistic property law and industrial property law. Students also receive tuition on the theory and practice of new techniques, on electronic commerce law, individual freedom and digital law, space and telecommunications law, and, depending on the site, cultural law and the key European and international challenges surrounding the Information Society. In addition, the development of language skills (both oral and written) is considered essential as students are expected to follow several specialised courses taught in English, such as European Market Law and International and European Intellectual Property Law. In addition to these legal courses, there are also interdisciplinary seminars on information and cultural economics and computer science. As a result, students have a very substantial body of knowledge from the first year of their Master's degree and can explore their interest in these subject areas both intellectually and in terms of professional opportunities. They can then make their choice of Master 2 specialism in an informed way so that it corresponds with their interests.
The Master 1 is intended to enrich the fundamental knowledge base essential for any private law lawyer. Students enrolled on the Intellectual Property Law and Digital Law courses continue to learn special contract law, commercial law, market law, private international law and European law. At the end of their first year of the Master's programme, they then have the right to apply for most of the generalist M2 specialisms.
In addition to the acquisition of knowledge, the Master 1 aims to ensure the development of certain skills to facilitate the employability of students. As a result, they must complete a work placement or write a dissertation which enables them to conduct case law research, write position papers, develop the ability to work independently on a project or benefit from an introduction to research. Critical thinking and initiative are also nurtured through the creation of a blog (www.master-ip-it-leblog.fr) where students publish articles and position papers related to digital law and intellectual property law. The course is also designed to develop methods of oral presentation (oral exams, giving presentations with support during seminars, contributions during scientific presentations), in order to teach students to express themselves fluently in a professional context. Finally, it aims to strengthen expertise in legal research tools (expertise with bibliographical devices for carrying out theme-based research around the subject of the presentation, expertise with online legal databases and online research beyond digital workspaces).
The Masters 2 furthers students’ focus on specialising in subject areas identified as being important in relation to the expectations of the job market.
The Master 2 in Digital Creation Law (M2 DCN) aims to provide students with the necessary theoretical knowledge in literary and artistic property law as regards new technology and new media (literary and artistic property, multimedia and Internet creation law, audiovisual law), as well as knowledge in all legal subjects related to digital activities (IT, multimedia, Internet), such as competition law, e-commerce law and contract and liability law. Training in computer science, networks and digital technology also enables students to acquire technical knowledge and provides them with an understanding and expertise in both tools and concepts (applied computer science training, understanding of computer software, knowledge of networks, etc.);
The Master 2 Innovation and Industrial Property Law (M2 DIPI) is intended to enable students to acquire the specialist knowledge necessary to pursue a professional career with a focus on innovation and industrial property and is in line with the prominent position which hard sciences enjoy within the Université Paris Saclay’s sphere of competencies.
The DCN and DIPI courses, whilst having clearly distinct characteristics, are closely linked. This is demonstrated by:
- An element of shared teaching and identical methods of support (tutored project, work placement and research report, course of lectures),
- A unique partnership agreement between Université Paris 1 and Université Paris-Saclay where the two courses are handled in the same way. This agreement, signed in 2016, sets up the co-direction of courses (two pairs of supervisors as of the start of the 2020 academic year), administrative enrolment at both universities and the shared responsibility and financing of the teaching,
The Master 2 Intellectual Property and Digital Business Law (M2 PIDAN) trains students to become experts in current and future legal challenges related to the development of information technology, both in terms of theoretical issues and the contractual, judicial and technical practices of the sector, in order to meet the growing demand for the modern practice of business law at a national, European and international level. Students learn to identify legal strategies for the valorisation of the digital and intellectual heritage of companies.
The Master 2 Applied intellectual property (PIA) is a work-linked training course based on a professional training contract concluded between the student and a wide variety of companies operating in the creative industries, new technology and the innovative industries. This Master’s degree has been created in response to the need, identified by practice, to have a work-linked training programme of excellence in this disciplinary field.
Students receive specialist teaching in intellectual property and digital law, which is particularly intensive and demanding as it takes place over just two days in the week. Any problems encountered by students in the context of their workplace experience is systematically questioned and studied in depth by teachers involved in this course. This allows knowledge acquired during the year to be immediately tested.
From the point of view of skills developed, students on the course have three workplace days in a company per week throughout an academic year. This workplace experience provides a particularly well-rounded and comprehensive professional experience for students, who gain genuine expertise in current contractual practices in their industry and learn about their role as an advisor. Within this framework, they develop solid professional skills and competencies, which significantly increase their attractiveness when they enter the job market.
The Master 2 Fundamental intellectual property and digital technologies (M2 PIFTN) leads to the award of a dual degree at the end of the year of study: a M2 from the Université Paris Saclay and a LLM /Master’s from Laval University (Quebec) as a result of student mobility (semester 1 in France, semester 2 in Quebec with an agreement on mutual recognition for half of the course). The aim is to teach lawyers to have advanced skills in both intellectual property law and digital law from a resolutely European and international perspective.
From the point of view of the skills developed, the course is geared towards university research, as evidenced by the large number of graduates who continue on into doctoral studies. As a result, students must complete a research paper of about one hundred pages under the joint supervision of a lecturer from France and Quebec. This joint supervision is particularly fruitful from the academic point of view in that it allows for a cross-fertilization of legal views and cultures to take place.
Students receive comprehensive legal training in intellectual property and digital law.
The advanced specialisation acquired in M2 gives them advanced knowledge of the theoretical aspects and professional practices in their chosen field of competence.
Lastly, students acquire an understanding of digital society's technological and economic environment, incorporating the international and European dimension of digital activities.
Opportunities for graduates vary according to the Master 2 study paths they have followed:
The DCN Master 2 study path focuses on law concerning multimedia creations and the Internet, a legal field that bridges literary property law and the law of new technologies. The openings available are an extension of this specialisation:
• Corporate lawyer in the Internet, IT, audiovisual (production and distribution companies) and telecommunications fields, as well as in large industrial or service companies that have sufficient activities in this sector to warrant the employment of specialised lawyers;
• Solicitor in firms that specialise in new technology law, copyright or audiovisual law;
• Lawyer in collecting societies, cultural establishments or associations;
• Legal advisor to public bodies, local authorities, ministries, AAI.
The DIPI Master's 2 aims to train future lawyers with the competence to address issues surrounding the development and protection of innovation in companies. This considerably builds on industrial property training and opens it up to biotechnological inventions. The various techniques used are also covered in greater depth. This specialisation attracts many students with a more "scientific" profile (baccalaureate, preparatory school, PCEM, etc.). The project is backed by the INPI (National Institute of Industrial Property), a sign that there is a significant demand for this programme in the institutional field.
The main professions concerned are:
• Industrial property counsel;
• Lawyer in firms specialising in trademark law or patent law;
• Corporate lawyer in charge of the trademarks or patents portfolio;
• Legal adviser to public bodies such as the National Institute of Industrial Property (INPI).
The PIDAN Master's 2 programme responds to a twofold market demand requiring, on the one hand, a specialisation in digital law and intellectual property law and on the other, a detailed knowledge of business law. Graduates can access job opportunities in the content industries: film production and distribution, audiovisual, music, video games, publishing, press, image, IT, databases, Big Data, Open source, Open Data, etc. There are also ample opportunities in the services sector: banks, digital services companies, insurance, network and telecommunications companies, communication, e-reputation, online marketing and advertising, online sales, digital archiving, technical intermediation, digital distribution platforms, IT security, etc. Beyond these opportunities in the business sector, graduates can also access a number of professions and work as lawyers, industrial property advisors, data protection officers (DPO), or even technology transfer coordinators in public institutions.
Lastly, this M2 study path enables graduates to continue their studies at doctoral level. All the theses carried out over the last few years have received funding (doctoral contracts, research agreements, CIFRE).
Like the programme itself, the opportunities offered by the PIFTN Master's 2 are international. Although it is still too early to list the potential job opportunities offered by this fairly new programme at international level, it appears that several French students have found work in Canada, and vice versa.
Employment prospects include:
• Corporate lawyer in all areas of intellectual property, Internet, IT, audiovisual and telecommunications, as well as in large industrial or service groups;
• Lawyer in specialised law firms.
It should be noted, moreover, that this M2 is firmly geared towards research. The considerable number of graduates choose to follow up this programme with doctoral studies (doing a thesis either in a professional or a university context). Thus, at the end of the first year, three students registered for a doctorate (two doctoral contracts and 1 CIFRE from the first graduation). At the end of the second graduation, it is expected that several students will follow this trend.
The Applied Intellectual Property (PIA) Master 2 is a work-study programme based on a professional training contract concluded between the student and a wide variety of companies operating in the creative industries, new technology and the innovative industries. From the point of view of skills developed, students on the course have three workplace days in a company per week throughout an academic year. This workplace experience provides a particularly well-rounded and comprehensive professional experience for students, who gain genuine expertise in current contractual practices in their industry and learn about their role as an advisor. Within this framework, they develop solid professional skills and competencies, which significantly increase their attractiveness when they enter the job market.
The skills acquired on the programme pave the way to the following professions:
• lawyers in firms that specialise in IP/IT,
• industrial property advisers,
• corporate lawyers in the Internet, IT, audiovisual and telecommunications sectors, as well as in large companies in the industrial or services sectors that have enough activities in this sector to warrant the employment of specialised lawyers, etc.
Université de Laval (Canada)
To access the programme from M1, applicants must have a law degree and go through a selection process.
This selection is based on various criteria such as a sound understanding of private law, proficiency in the methodologies of law practises, proven interest in new technologies, and an international outlook.
To access the programme in Management, applicants must have completed the first year of a Master's degree in another institution and go through a selection process according to the criteria previously listed (enhanced by consideration of the results obtained in the specialisation courses given in M1 and any professional experience).
Master the fundamentals
Integrate international issues
Value and defend intangible heritage
Understand the technological and economic environment of the digital society
Undertake a work placement and/or research project